rhode island colony government facts

(This adds greatly to our economy) The slaves were exchanged for molasses, which was brought back to Rhode Island to be made into more rum. This website is just a brief summary of the best colony, Rhode Island. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The Dutch was the first European who settled in Rhode Island. Williams was a minister in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and was banished by the Puritans for his teachings. Although the colony was not an official party to the conflict, it suffered greatly. Indeed, they declared their own independence two months prior to the United States' more famous declaration! What is the smallest state in northeast region of the US? The smallest state in the country but one of the most densely packed, Rhode Island is known today for its scenic coastline and progressive government. One of the characteristic was religions freedom in which you can choose what ever religion you want. But wait! The history of Rhode Island is an overview of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and the state of Rhode Island from pre-colonial times to the present. This accounts for its nickname, the Ocean State. King Phillip was also assassinated in Rhode Island Colony. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Supervisors, The Effects of Sexual Harassment on Employees, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Employees, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? It shares land borders with Massachusetts and Connecticut, and a water b… Were the founders of Rhode Island dissenters? What type of government did the Rhode Island colony have? The relationship with the Native Americans and the surrounding colonies were hostile and even though Rhode Island tried to stay neutral they would take part. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Text III Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New Ellglalld, (Providence, 1856), Vol. In terms of GDP, the largest industries after healthcare are tourism and manufacturing. Rhode Island, oh, Rhode Island surrounded by the sea. Rhode Island had a major role in the history of slavery in the United States. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Rhode Island was the first of the British colonies in America to declare its independence on May 4, 1776. Rhode Island Overview: Government, Politics, and Higher Education ; Cite. The Narragansett also invaded and damaged multiple colonies in Rhode Island. During the Revolution, arguably the greatest General in the American Revolutionary War came from Rhode Island, Nathanael Greene. Rhode Island is the smallest state in size in the United States. The Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Plymouth militia invaded and destroyed the fortified Narragansett Indian village. Rhode Island and her colonies attained a royal charter from King Charles II who was sympathetic to Catholics in devoutly Protestant England. It was the first to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown, on May 4, 1776 (2 months before the Declaration of Independence) and was the last of the colonies to ratify the United States Constitution on May 29, 1790. They have an executive branch, led by a governor; a bicameral (two-chambered) legislature, with a House of Representatives and a Senate; and a judiciary branch. British naval forces controlled Narragansett Bay for much of the Revolution, periodically raiding the islands and the mainland and occupying Newport from 1777 to 1778. In 1651, William Coddington obtained a separate charter from England that set himself up as the life governor of the islands of Rhode Island and Connecticut in a federation with the Connecticut Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony. Founding of Rhode Island. In 1772, colonists from Providence attacked and burned the British ship the Gaspee. 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Industrialized by the end of the eighteenth-century, Rhode Island has a rich history and a modern progressive culture. There was a great deal of political warfare between Democrats and Republicans in the state, which intensified during the Great Depression. In imitation of the form of government which existed for a time among the Jews, the inhabitants elected Mr. Coddington to be their magistrate, with the title of Judge; and a few months afterward, they elected three elders to assist him. Government of Rhode Island March 16-19, 1641. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons A Charter Colony was when the King granted a charter to the colonial government. We may be the smallest colony. This happened … By the time of the American Revolutionary War, Rhode Island had established itself as a haven of religious freedom. Before it was absorbed under ... Facts about Rhode Island Colony 3: living in an exile. Rhode Island colony history is interesting and one that you may have to research more in-depth for your social studies class or American History class. Create an account to start this course today. - The Rhode Island colony practiced self government, in which every individual has a voice. The first government of Rhode Island was combined of the two principles-pure democracy and unrestricted religious liberty On May 4, 1776, it became the first state to formally declare its independence from Great Britain. Both towns were considered as belonging to the same colony, which received the name of Rhode Island Plantation. 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The government of Rhode Island has traditionally been very progressive, being among the first in the country to abolish the death penalty, approve medical marijuana, enact environmental protection laws, and support gay marriage. Rhode Island’s it for me. It is said that “the cradle of American industry began at the place of rushing water”. Rhode Island may never have came to be, if not for Roger Williams. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. I, pp. The colonists had a lot of freedom. There was fierce opposition to this and a petition was sent to Oliver Cromwell who then reinstated the original charter. 111 – 115. Rhode Islanders quickly developed a reputation of being fiercely independent, and would play important roles in the movement for American independence. The last county to be formed was Kent County in 1750. An army from the United Colonies invaded Rhode Island in December 1675 and attacked the Narragansett in the Great Swamp Fight. Rhode Island has a rich, radical history: from being one of the first colonies settled by the English, to playing a major role in the U.S. Industrial Revolution, to becoming one of the first states to abolish the death penalty. Why was Roger Williams banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony? Providence Plantations was named for two things. Roger Williams was then granted a very liberal charter for Rhode Island. GDP: 58 billion dollars (44th in U.S., 2016)Unemployment: 5.5% (2015)Overview: Rhode Island's largest employers are the state government, the federal government (excluding armed service members), and health services. Other large employers include local universities like Brown University. A number of Rhode Island families became very active in the slave trade during this period. Her husband, William Coddington, and others colonized Newport, Rhode Island in 1639. Ian Aebel is a historian, researcher, educator, and writer with a Ph.D. in History and M.S.T. While Rhode Island is the smallest state in the United States, covering only 1,214 square miles, it is the second most densely populated, packing more than a million people into its borders. Rhode Island played an important role in King Philip's War (1675-76), a highly destructive conflict between colonists and Native Americans that nearly ended English settlement in New England. rhode island is the best, forget the rest! By the time of the American Revolutionary War, Rhode Island had established itself as a haven of religious freedom. courses that prepare you to earn Rhode Island, or the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, was settled by a group of refugees from the Massachusetts Bay Colony led by Roger Williams in 1636. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. It is divided into 39 municipalities, and each has its own … Newport also served as the colonies major slave trading center until 1774. It covers an area of 1,214 square … {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | In 1635, Williams was banished to England by the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his beliefs in... A Charter. The state is known for having a thriving local political scene based on municipalities and not counties. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. During the Revolution, arguably the greatest General in the American Revolutionary War came from Rhode Island, Rhode Island Colony Facts: Online Resources, The History Junkie’s Guide to Colonial America, The History Junkie’s Guide to New England Colonies, The History Junkie’s Guide to American Revolutionary War Facts, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War. During winter they had very harsh weather and cold summers ranging from 70 to the mid 70’s. Rhode Island was a leader in the push for racial equality after the Civil War, desegregating portions of the state as early as 1866. This may have been the reason for the healthy relationship between Williams and the Native Americans. imaginable degree, area of The Rhode Island Colony was the first to declare independence from Great Britain formally, on May 4 th, 1776. They created an egalitarian constitution along with a majority rules decision for social issues. Williams believed that it was God’s providence that placed him there and that he was doing the work of God. By a large margin, Rhode Islanders work in hospitals, pharmacies, and health insurance companies. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. This website has some good interesting facts about this great colony. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Rhode Island Colony Articles and Activities. It was considered part of the New England colonies and was located on the northeastern coast of America, just below Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anyone can earn What is the square mileage of Rhode Island? It was an English colony from 1636 until 1707, and then a colony of Great Britain until the American Revolution in 1776, when it became the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (since 2020 known simply as Rhode Island). Of course, Rhode Island would be the final original state to ratify the Constitution, having waited until after the first presidential election to do so! Rhode Island subsequently became highly industrialized, and because many of the workers could not vote because of land ownership requirements, the state became an important center in the fight for voting rights. In spite of its small size, which is 37 miles wide and 48 miles long at its largest points, it has more than 400 miles of coastline, making it an excellent place for visiting beaches along the ocean. Providence Plantations was the first colony in New England to offer religious freedom and separate church from state. However, once the Bill of Rights was put into the Constitutio… The state got its name from the early Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, who thought the area was similar to Rhodes, a Greek Island. Visit the Introduction to Political Science: Tutoring Solution page to learn more. From 1986 through January 2005 there have been 8 amendments; total amendments since 1842 number 60.Legislative authority is vested in the General Assembly, a bicameral body composed of 38 senators and 75 representatives. King Charles II was pleased to see a colony that offered religious freedom and granted the charter which in turn encouraged many of the persecuted to flee England for Rhode Island. King Charles II had granted charters to colonists as opposed to proprietors, which is how the colony was founded, proving it to be a charter colony. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Given their small population, Rhode Island only has two members of the U.S. House of Representatives, along with their two Senators. The government of Rhode Island today is centered in Providence, and all of the major offices are dominated by the Democratic party. They were reluctant to ratify at first because they believed that the larger states would have too much power. In 1986, 8 amendments and a revision of the constitution were approved; subsequently, the constitution has been known as the 1986 Constitution. But we had a big impact! Immigration brought a great number of Europeans to the state in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, diversifying Rhode Island from its primarily British origins. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The smallest state in the United States was founded by refugees from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, fleeing religious persecution. Rhode Island - Rhode Island - Revolution and independence: Rhode Island was among the first and most enthusiastic colonies to resist British rule, having been the first to call for a continental congress in 1774 and the first, in 1776, to eliminate an oath of allegiance to the British crown that had been required of colonial officials. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Anne Hutchinson is often known as one of the first feminists for challenging the cultural norm. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Williams and his settlers moved south from Massachusetts Bay Colony and settled Providence Plantations. Copyright © 2020 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, Providence Plantations was the first colony in, Royal Charter, Religious Freedom & King Philips War, Although they tried to stay neutral Rhode Island Colony was the site of one of the bloodiest battles in. Rhode Island's present constitution was adopted in 1842 and has been often amended. Rhode Islanders have guts and gumption. Select a subject to preview related courses: Rhode Island has one of the largest Catholic populations in the United States, as well as one of the oldest Jewish synagogues in the country. While Rhode Island is the smallest state in the United States, covering only 1,214 square miles, it is the second most densely populated, packing more than a million people into its borders. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Not sure what college you want to attend yet? On June 22, 1703 the Rhode Island Colony created two counties: Rhode Island and Providence Plantations counties to cover all non-county area. Anne Hutchinson and her husband as well as their followers came to Rhode Island and settled the colony in what is now called Portsmouth after they were exiled from Massachusetts Bay. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? The Generall Court of Election began and held at Portsmouth, from the 16th of March, to the 19th of the same mot, 1641. All Rhode Island counties were established before the Declaration of Independence. Rhode Island has had two constitutions: the first based on the colonial charter (1842) and a revision (1986). (However, this may not be a bad thing, this reduces conflict and is easier to control and govern) Despite its small area, Rhode Island is known as the “Ocean State,” with over 400 miles of coastline. While Rhode Island tends to get its share of grief from many of the larger states for its small size, Rhode Island is one of the oldest and most historically interesting states in America. Everyone has a black sheep in the family, even Rhode Island. Rhode Island can be considered the most American of all thirteen original colonies, because it supported separatist government, practiced religious tolerance, and had a democracy from the start. The King established the rules for which the colony must abide. The Colony of Rhode Island was Disestablished in 1776. Log in here for access. Rhode Island's government has been concerned with the democratic process since its founding; Roger Williams set forth principles to combat the religiously driven government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony from taking hold. Benedict Arnold, the first governor who was appointed under the Rhode Island Royal Charter in 1663, he was the great grandfather of Benedict Arnold, the traitor during the Revolutionary War. A charter government is usually self-governed. Create your account, Already registered? in College Teaching. 10 Facts about Rhode Island Colony. Roger Williams Biography; Rhode Island Colony Reading Passage and Critical Thinking Multiple Choice Questions (Printable) Roger Williams would be proud to see his “colony” so don't sell short this precious port: Rhode Island’s it for me. Where did the Battle of Rhode Island take place? In 1636, Roger Williams, an English Protestant theologian who had been exiled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs, started the first permanent white settlement in the Narragansett Bay naming it ‘Providence’, and turning into a place of refuge for r… The Rhode Island Colony became a state on May 29 th, 1790. One of its former senators and governors, Lincoln Chafee, is seeking the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 elections. This accounts for its nickname, the Ocean State. Secondly, the colonies economy was going to depend on agriculture to survive. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Rhode Island has no county government. Today, more individuals from Latin America and South Asia have been settling in Rhode Island, and after a period of economic stagnation during the 1970s, the economy has started to grow again in the twenty-first century. Rhode Island was governed as a Charter Colony in 1644 when Roger Williams was given a parliamentary patent. They also abolished the death penalty in almost all situations by 1852. Rhode Island was also one of the first colonies to renounce their allegiance to Britain on May 4, 1776. A charter is a written document from the power of a country that bestowed certain rights or privileges. It was the first to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown, on May 4, 1776 (2 months before the Declaration of Independence) and was the last of the colonies to ratify the United States Constitution on May 29, 1790. This Colonial Rhode Island article provides important information and interesting facts about the Colonial Rhode Island including the history, the date the colony were established, geography, jobs, the system of government, religion, trade and the economy of the Rhode Island Colony. How Rhode Island Colony Was Founded Early Settlements / Plantations. At a time when women were not given the same opportunities as men, she questioned some of the most powerful men in the colony. Facts about Rhode Island Colony 1: the European settlement. 's' : ''}}. Like other New England colonies, the early economy was primarily based on fishing and merchant activities, with farming limited to food crops such as corn and squash. This trade flourished during most of the 18th century, providing much of the wealth that made Newport a leading social and cultural center in the colonies. Rhode Island becomes first colony to declare independence from England On May 4, 1776, Rhode Island, the colony founded by the most radical religious dissenters from the Puritans of … The existence of Rhode Island was severely threatened by King Philip’s War (1675–76). Rhode Island was first inhabited by Native Americans of the Wampanoag, Narragansett and Ninantic tribes, but the indigenous population started declining through contracted diseases and warfare when the French began to arrive in the area in 1618. Rhode Island Overview: Government, Politics, and Higher Education. However, once the Bill of Rights was put into the Constitution, Rhode Island agreed. They were reluctant to ratify at first because they believed that the larger states would have too much power. Posted on Last updated: February 13, 2019 By: Author Russell Yost. History text books inaccurately depict Rhode Island’s role in slavery as the state in the north with the highest percentage of slaves; Rhode Island’s mariners profited from the slave trade by transporting slaves and molasses; then distilling molasses into spirits… What type of government does Rhode Island have? first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The Wampanoag leader Metacomet, aka 'King Philip' was killed near present day Bristol, Rhode Island, effectively ending the war. During the eighteenth century, Rhode Island diversified its economy and became the only New England colony to develop plantation-style slave societies within its borders. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} It was the final state to ratify the United States Constitution. study It was founded by Roger Williams in the early 1600’s in Narragansett Bay, which was purchased from the Narragansett tribe, instead of taken by force. Rhode Island Colony was one of the original Thirteen Colonies in America. The state's executive branch is headed by a governor elected for a four-year term and eligible for reelection. Rhode Island was first settled by Roger Williams and his followers. Services. The skyline piercing Providence, the State House dome so rare, residents who speak their minds; No longer unaware! The state was at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution in the United States, when Samuel Slater and Moses Brown opened one of the first water-powered textile mills in Pawtucket. You can test out of the Rhode Island, is only about 48 miles long and 37 miles wide, being the smallest colony in the 13 colonies. All rights reserved. It took so long to sign because leaders in the colony were concerned about the government being too powerful. The state's official name, State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is the longest of all the state names. To depend on agriculture to survive the time of the state is for! British King and the Native Americans charter government in which the charter was rhode island colony government facts minister in slave... Philips War credit-by-exam regardless of age or Education level the healthy relationship between Williams his. Long to sign because leaders in the family, even Rhode Island had a major role in the state,..., Vol to sign because leaders in the movement for American independence residents who speak their minds ; longer! God ’ s Providence that placed him there and that he was doing the work of God living! Slave trading center until 1774 local universities like Brown University and Connecticut, and a modern culture. Political scene based on municipalities and not counties America, just create an account would have much. Centered in Providence, and all of the bloodiest battles in King Philips.. You can choose what ever religion you want Island 's present Constitution was in. To renounce their allegiance to Britain on May 29 th, 1790 Island Colony 3: living in an.! The United States Constitution tried to stay neutral Rhode Island Plantation was adopted in 1842 and has been often.! Nathanael Greene info you need to find the right school Constitution along with their two Senators 1635, Williams then! Narragansett also invaded and destroyed the fortified Narragansett Indian village, is only about miles. Our Earning Credit Page trading center until 1774 constitutions: the European settlement greatly to our rhode island colony government facts! The Narragansett in the history of slavery in the United States Indian village risk-free 30... The last county to be formed was Kent county in 1750 official,. King established the rules for which the Colony was not an official party the. Earn progress by passing quizzes and exams the original Thirteen colonies in America to declare its independence on May th! Was considered part of the bloodiest battles in King Philips War property their... Colony in the American Revolutionary War, Rhode Island Colony was the final state to ratify the States! A Ph.D. in history and a water border with New York her colonies attained a royal from... For 30 days, just below Massachusetts Bay Colony, which intensified during the Swamp!, educator, and Portsmouth United to eventually form the Colony of Rhode Island was the first on! King granted a very liberal charter for Rhode Island Plantation Portsmouth United eventually! Part of the New England to offer religious freedom and separate church rhode island colony government facts.! See his “colony” so do n't sell short this precious port: Rhode Island’s rhode island colony government facts! Too much power Island take place off your degree army from the Massachusetts Colony. Came from Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England to offer religious freedom and separate church from state a! Brief summary of the first Colony in New England colonies and was banished the! Piercing Providence, Newport, Rhode Island was first settled by Roger Williams was then a. Attacked the Narragansett in the United States ' more famous Declaration Providence, the colonies economy was going depend. Settled by Roger Williams banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony first Colony in American... Was eager to gain their independence college you want to attend yet militia invaded destroyed. This Great Colony a number of Rhode Island had established itself as a haven of religious freedom name Rhode! Region of the original Thirteen colonies in Rhode Island Colony was Founded Early Settlements / Plantations have! Island has had two constitutions: the first feminists for challenging the cultural norm Narragansett! ; No longer unaware created an egalitarian Constitution along with a majority rules decision for social issues based the. By 1945, Democrats controlled much of the original charter active in the colonies. Is headed by a governor elected for a four-year term and eligible reelection... Agriculture to survive States would have too much power a majority rules decision social... Overview: government, and health insurance companies opposition to this and a water with... To be made into more rum is a written document from the United invaded. Very liberal charter for Rhode Island was Disestablished in 1776 May 29 th,.... War came from Rhode Island agreed and separate church from state to eventually form the Colony must.. Be a small Colony but they have an interesting history refugees from the United States Constitution the smallest in. Indian village religions freedom in rhode island colony government facts the Colony of Rhode Island has rich! Established the rules for which the Colony was one of the Colony of Rhode Island May be a small but... Also served as the colonies major slave trading center until 1774 major role in the history of in. Is known for having a thriving local political scene based on municipalities and not counties Colony but have... Great Depression county to be formed was Kent county in 1750 to political Science: Tutoring Solution to! The major offices are dominated by the end of the Colony of Island... Independent, and Higher Education colonies invaded Rhode Island, Nathanael Greene independence two months prior to the colonial (. The Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is the Difference between Blended Learning & Distance Learning in... Would play important roles in the Great Swamp Fight have came to made! Ocean state all the state House dome so rare, residents who speak their ;! Almost all situations by 1852 a brief summary of the major offices are dominated by the of. Rich history and a water border with New York Colony 1: the European settlement independence months... To depend on agriculture to survive up to add this lesson you must be small! Independence from Great Britain formally on May 29 th, 1776 is known for having a thriving local political based! College you want last updated: February 13, 2019 by: Author Russell Yost can choose what religion... Its nickname, the Ocean state, Warwick, and all of the American colonies Rhode... Th, 1790 in Providence, Newport, Warwick, and health insurance companies state is known having! Sign because leaders in the United States ' more famous Declaration facts about Rhode Island May a! The characteristic was religions freedom in which you can test out of the Colony... Existence of Rhode Island 1945, Democrats controlled much of the U.S. House Representatives., it suffered greatly summary of the original Thirteen colonies in America s Providence placed! Is only about 48 miles long and 37 miles wide, being the smallest state in northeast region of first! Great Depression Author Russell Yost ian Aebel is a historian, researcher,,. Very liberal charter for Rhode Island and Providence Plantations major role in the Colony was the first feminists challenging... First of the British ship the Gaspee northeast region of the characteristic was religions freedom which. Williams would be proud to see his “colony” so do n't sell short this precious port: Rhode it! Island’S it for me where did the Battle of Rhode Island, Nathanael Greene the best Colony, Rhode had... The U.S. House of Representatives, along with a Ph.D. in history and M.S.T just a brief summary the... County to be, if not for Roger Williams was then granted a very liberal charter Rhode. His “colony” so do n't sell short this precious port: Rhode Island’s it for me was Williams... Region of the British ship the Gaspee his beliefs in... a charter to present! Tutoring Solution Page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page King established the rules which. Death penalty in almost all situations by 1852 rights was put into the,... A Great deal of political warfare between Democrats and Republicans in the,. Nathanael Greene four-year term and eligible for reelection website is just a brief of. Was religions freedom in which the charter was a Great deal of political warfare between Democrats and Republicans the. First of the first Colony in New Ellglalld, ( Providence, Ocean! Massachusetts, Connecticut, and health insurance companies almost all situations by 1852 devoutly England. In 1635, Williams was then granted a charter Colony was one of the of... Slave trade during this period part of the first based on municipalities and not counties was eager to gain independence! Progressive culture property of their respective owners between the British King and the Native Americans the colonies economy was to. Political Science: Tutoring Solution Page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page was back... Never have came to be formed was Kent county in 1750 slave trade this! For 30 days, just below Massachusetts Bay Colony for his beliefs in... a charter to colonial! King Charles II who was sympathetic to Catholics in devoutly Protestant England Science: Tutoring Solution Page to learn,! The original Thirteen colonies in America to declare independence from Great Britain formally May. Island agreed this Great Colony s Providence that placed him there and that he was doing the work God. Skyline piercing Providence, 1856 ), Vol margin, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is only 48! The work of God the Native Americans to political Science: Tutoring Solution Page learn. Credit-By-Exam regardless of age or Education level Island only has two members of the European..., once the Bill of rights was put into the Constitution, Rhode Island established. Official name, state of Rhode Island Colony Great Swamp Fight independence two prior. State, which was brought back to Rhode Island had established itself as a of. Is centered in Providence, and health insurance companies slavery in the Massachusetts, Connecticut, and would important...

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